Learn How To Crochet

1. What Exactly is Crochet?

Crochet is an artisanal method where fabric is crafted by intertwining loops of yarn or thread using a hooked needle. Unlike knitting, which employs two needles, crochet relies on a single hook. This versatile craft allows for the creation of diverse items ranging from blankets and scarves to hats and delicate lacework. It's a beloved pastime cherished by enthusiasts worldwide, offering boundless creative possibilities. To aid in your crochet journey, we've assembled a user-friendly, step-by-step guide complete with valuable insights to facilitate your learning process.

2. What's Required to Start Crocheting?

A notable aspect of crocheting is its minimalistic nature, requiring only two fundamental items to commence:

  • Yarn
  • Crochet Hook

Nevertheless, the availability of supplementary tools can enhance your crocheting experience. Let's delve into further detail to provide you with a comprehensive understanding, empowering you to determine what suits your needs best.

a. Select Your Yarn

Selecting the appropriate yarn for your project is crucial to achieving the desired look and texture of your finished piece. Yarn is available in various weights, colors, and fibers, each offering unique characteristics. For beginners, opting for medium-weight yarn in a light shade can be advantageous. Light-colored yarn facilitates better visibility of stitches, allowing for easier correction of errors as you progress. As a recommendation, starting with Sensy 2mm PP Macrame Cord or a similar option may be ideal for novice crocheters.

b. Select Your Crochet Hook

Crochet hooks are available in a variety of sizes and materials, including metal, plastic, bamboo, and wood. The selection of hook size depends on the yarn weight being used and the desired gauge for the project. If you're uncertain about the appropriate size, consulting the yarn label is advisable, as it typically indicates the recommended hook size for the yarn.

c. Extra Accessories

While not essential for every project, having the following tools on hand can greatly facilitate your crocheting experience:

  1. Scissors: A sharp pair of scissors is invaluable for cutting yarn and trimming loose ends.
  2. Yarn needles: These needles are useful for weaving in loose ends and joining pieces together.
  3. Stitch markers: Use these markers to identify specific stitches or sections in your work.
  4. Measuring tape: A flexible measuring tape comes in handy for checking gauge and measuring your progress.
  5. Additional accessories: Some crafters find a yarn bowl or bag helpful for organizing their yarn, while a stitch counter aids in keeping track of stitches.

With your materials at the ready, let's dive into crocheting! Below, you'll find a user-friendly step-by-step guide that you can refer back to as needed. Remember, learning to crochet takes time, and making mistakes is all part of the learning process. Embrace the journey and enjoy the creative process!

3. A Detailed Walkthrough of Crochet

a. Proper Handling of Your Crochet Hook

When it comes to holding a crochet hook, there are two commonly used techniques. Feel free to choose the one that feels most natural and comfortable for you!

Method 1 - The Pencil Grip

In the pencil grip, position your thumb on the flat part of the hook, near the thumb rest or grip area. Rest the hook against the side of your index finger, with the pointed end facing downwards. Gently curl your remaining fingers around the hook, similar to how you would hold a pencil.

Method 2 - The Knife Grip

With the knife grip, start by placing your right hand over the hook and gripping it between your thumb and index finger. Your left hand is then employed to control the yarn and hold the stitches as they are formed.

Remember to experiment with different grips to find the one that suits you best. Ultimately, the aim is to discover a grip that enables smooth manipulation of the hook and ensures control throughout your crochet project. Through practice and exploration, you'll identify the most comfortable and efficient method for you.

b. Managing Yarn Tension While Crocheting

Mastering how to hold your yarn is essential due to its impact on tension. Tension plays a pivotal role in crochet as it directly influences the overall appearance and size of your project. Consistent tension ensures that your stitches maintain uniformity in both size and appearance, which is particularly crucial for projects requiring precise measurements.

To achieve proper tension, follow these steps:

  1. Extend your non-dominant hand in front of you, palm facing downwards.
  2. Pass the initial strand of yarn under your pinky, ring finger, or middle finger, then loop it over your pointer finger.
  3. Regulate the tension by gently squeezing your fingers together as you work each stitch and draw more yarn into your project. Increasing the pressure adds more tension, resulting in smaller stitches, while reducing the pressure yields lower tension and looser stitching.

c. Creating the Initial Loop

To commence, you'll start by crafting the initial loop on your crochet hook, commonly known as a slip knot.

To fashion a slip knot:

  1. Create a loop with your yarn, ensuring that the tail end is sufficiently long to allow for weaving in later.
  2. Next, bring the tail of the yarn over the loop and insert it into the loop from underneath.
  3. Pull the tail end to cinch the knot securely.

d. Creating a Foundation Chain Stitch

Our next objective is to establish a starting chain, serving as the cornerstone for the entire crochet endeavor.

To create the starting chain:

  1. Hold the short tail of the slipknot in your left hand and the crochet hook in your right hand.
  2. Yarn over by bringing the yarn over the hook from the back to the front, then pull it through the loop on the hook. This action forms a new loop on the hook, representing your first chain stitch.
  3. Proceed to create additional chain stitches by repeating the yarn over and pull through process, while simultaneously moving your left hand along the chain to maintain some tension.
  4. Continue crafting chain stitches until you achieve the desired number for your project.

Remember, maintaining consistency in these stitches may require time and practice. Don't be discouraged if your stitches vary initially—persevere with practice, and you'll witness your consistency improve gradually over time.

e. Keeping Track of Chain Stitch Counts

The image above illustrates how to count the chain stitches you've worked. When tallying your chains, it's essential not to include the slip knot at the end or the loop on your hook as a stitch.

When working your first stitch, insert your hook in between the V's of each chain stitch.

Navigating the initial row of crochet, especially working into chain stitches, can pose challenges for beginners. However, with practice and guidance, it becomes more manageable.

Here are some helpful tips to aid you in tackling the first row of crochet:

  • Take your time: Mastery in crocheting comes with practice. Be patient with yourself, allowing room for learning and making mistakes.
  • Consider a larger hook: Utilizing a hook one or two sizes larger than the recommended size for your yarn can result in larger chain stitches, making them easier to work into on the first row.
  • Maintain consistent yarn tension: Ensure that your yarn tension remains uniform. Avoid excessively tight or loose chain stitches, as they can hinder ease of use.
  • Practice your foundation chain: Prior to commencing your actual project, practice crafting a foundation chain independently. This offers an opportunity to familiarize yourself with creating chain stitches and determine where to insert your hook.
  • Mark your stitches: Employ stitch markers or contrasting yarn to designate the first stitch of each row. This aids in keeping track of row beginnings and mitigating confusion.
  • Count your stitches: Regularly count your stitches as you progress to verify that you haven't missed or added any stitches inadvertently.
  • Experiment with alternative methods: Some crocheters find it beneficial to start with a foundation single crochet (FSC) or a foundation half double crochet (FHDC) instead of traditional chain stitches. These techniques yield a more substantial base to work into.
  • Refer to visual aids: Video tutorials or crochet diagrams depicting how to work into chain stitches for the first row can provide invaluable assistance.
  • Utilize stable surfaces: If manipulating the fabric while crocheting into the chain proves challenging, place your work on a stable surface like a table or lap desk for added support.

Remember, proficiency in crocheting is a journey that involves practice and patience. Initial difficulties are normal, but perseverance will lead to improvement. Embrace the process, and soon you'll find yourself more at ease with crocheting into chain stitches.

Each crochet stitch exhibits two loops atop the stitch. Typically, you'll insert your hook beneath both loops of the stitch in the preceding row. However, certain patterns may call for working into either the front loop or back loop of a stitch to achieve specific decorative effects.

4. Exploring Various Stitch Styles

a. How to Make Single Crochet (SC)

The single crochet stitch stands as one of the fundamental crochet stitches, often among the initial stitches learned by beginners. Once you've established a foundation chain, you can commence crafting single crochet stitches to construct your fabric. Here's a detailed guide on how to execute a single crochet:

  1. Insert your hook: Begin by taking your crochet hook and inserting it into the desired stitch of the foundation chain. Typically, the first stitch is the second chain from the hook, though this may vary depending on the pattern.
  2. Yarn over: With your hook inserted, wrap the yarn over the hook from back to front, moving in a counter-clockwise direction.
  3. Pull through: Draw the wrapped yarn through the stitch, resulting in two loops on your hook.
  4. Yarn over and pull through both loops: Once again, wrap the yarn over the hook and pull it through both loops on the hook. This completes one single crochet stitch.
  5. Continue across the row: Repeat steps 1 to 4 for each stitch in the foundation chain until you reach the end of the row.
  6. Turning chain: Upon reaching the end of the row, it's necessary to turn your work to initiate the next row. Chain one (or as specified by the pattern) and turn your work.
  7. Single crochet in each stitch: Insert your hook into the first stitch of the new row, yarn over, pull through the stitch, yarn over, and pull through both loops on the hook. Proceed to craft single crochet stitches across the row.
  8. Repeat: Continue repeating step 7 for each subsequent row, forming a turning chain at the end of each row, until your project attains the desired length.


Maintain consistent tension to ensure even stitches throughout your work. Count your stitches at the end of each row to verify that you haven't missed or added any stitches inadvertently.

Identifying the last stitch of each row can pose a challenge. Pay close attention to the top of the turning chain from the previous row, ensuring to work into it. Practicing the single crochet stitch will enhance your comfort level in crocheting, paving the way for exploring additional stitches and more intricate projects in due course! 

b. How to Make Double Crochet (DC)

The double crochet stitch, abbreviated as "dc," stands as another essential crochet stitch, characterized by its taller stature compared to the single crochet. Widely utilized in diverse crochet projects, it has the capability to produce a more open and airy fabric. Here's a detailed guide on how to execute a double crochet:

  1. Yarn over and insert your hook: Commence by yarn over, wrapping the yarn from back to front around your hook, moving in a counter-clockwise direction. Then, insert your hook into the desired stitch of your foundation chain or the previous row.
  2. Yarn over and pull through: Perform another yarn over and pull it through the stitch you inserted your hook into. This action should result in three loops on your hook.
  3. Yarn over and pull through two loops: Proceed with another yarn over and pull it through the first two loops on your hook. You should now have two loops remaining on the hook.
  4. Yarn over and pull through the last two loops: Execute a final yarn over and pull it through the remaining two loops on your hook. This completes one double crochet stitch.
  5. Continue across the row: Repeat steps 1 to 4 for each stitch in the foundation chain or the previous row until you reach the end.
  6. Turning chain: To initiate the next row, create a turning chain. For double crochet, typically chain three at the end of the row and turn your work.
  7. Double crochet in each stitch: Commencing in the second stitch from the hook (the first stitch is where you made the turning chain), yarn over, insert your hook, and work a double crochet following steps 2 to 4. Proceed to craft double crochet stitches across the row.
  8. Repeat: Continue repeating step 7 for each subsequent row, forming a turning chain of three at the end of each row, until your project attains the desired length.


Maintain consistent tension throughout your work to achieve even and well-formed stitches. Count your stitches at the end of each row to ensure precision and prevent errors. With dedicated practice, you'll grow more accustomed to the double crochet stitch, enabling you to incorporate it seamlessly into various crochet patterns and designs. Happy crocheting! 

c. Finishing Touches

Properly completing your crochet work is crucial for achieving a neat and polished appearance. Here are the essential steps to finish your crochet project:

  • Fasten off: Once you've reached the end of your project, it's time to fasten off the yarn to secure it in place. Simply cut the yarn, leaving a tail of about 6 inches (15 cm) or more. Then, yarn over and pull the yarn tail through the loop on your hook to create a knot, securing the last stitch.
  • Weave in ends: After fastening off, you'll have yarn tails at both the beginning and end of your work. To conceal these tails and prevent them from unraveling, use a yarn needle or crochet hook to weave them back and forth into the stitches on the backside of your project.
  • Block your project (optional): Blocking is a technique used to shape and size your crochet project, particularly useful for ensuring even stitches and a flat lay. Depending on the yarn type and project, you can opt for steam blocking, wet blocking, or utilize special blocking tools to achieve the desired shape and size.
  • Add any embellishments (optional): If your project calls for additional elements like buttons, zippers, or other decorative features, now is the time to securely attach them to your work.
  • Finish off decorative edges (optional): For projects featuring decorative borders, such as blankets or shawls, you may want to add a border to complete the look. Choose your preferred border pattern and follow the instructions to execute it accurately.
  • Wash and block (optional): If you haven't already blocked your project, consider washing it following the care instructions provided for the yarn used. Subsequently, proceed to block it to finalize the shape and dimensions.
  • Enjoy your finished project: Once you've completed all the necessary finishing touches, your crochet creation is ready to be admired and utilized or gifted to someone special. 

It's important to note that the finishing steps may vary depending on the nature of your project and the specific pattern you've followed. Always adhere to the finishing instructions provided in your crochet pattern for optimal results.

Taking the time to complete your crochet project meticulously and with attention to detail will elevate its final appearance and ensure your satisfaction with the finished masterpiece. So, savor the process and revel in the joy of bringing your crochet creation to fruition!